“YESTERDAY” and“TODAY”,“REALITY” and“MYTH”
“To build something under the ground is of course irrational.” Starting with this point of view, Architect Ercan Ağırbaş and his team designed the Troya Museum project by getting inspired by the first dwelling of human beings, shelters. Here we share the architectural project report prepared by Architect Ercan Ağırbaş and his team Golden Horse who came second in Troy Museum Architectural Competition Project and won the Purchase Award.
Burying in the ground
“Building something under the ground is of course irrational”: in this perspective, this attempt means to give a new meaning to the irrational one. For this purpose, we utilize the archetypal style of building, we bury in the ground. The first dwelling of human kind, shelter becomes an experience area here.
This place creates a threshold between dream and reality. However, when we try to understand the study of archaeologist and the past through this study, these two areas are separated from each other clearly; when looked out of the window, we will see an olive green picture, not a pitch-black one.
This is what is irrational. And it presents this irrationalness, this surprising situation as a dialog between the above and below, yesterday and today, reality and myth. The state of being between the reality and myth become more important than being in a certain point. When did I leave the above and when did the below get started? The light, decreasing gradually until it reaches the ground -the raw material of the archaeologist, accompanies the visitor beginning from his/her first step in. Down there, we put the colors of sun against the underground darkness. For this purpose, one side of the building is completely closed with the bricks produced in the region, while the other side is designed as glass.
The minimalist aspect created by the light and the reflections of the light besides the simplicity of the stone used as construction material puts the Troy on full focus. For the visitor, simplicity should become a natural form of perception in his/her relationship with the underground. What they will remember should not be the feeling of entering“a dark hole”; it should be the transition through the space and time, and the balance between myth and real and reality. Visitors coming fromÇanakkale will be stopped just before reaching the historical site and pulled apart from the present time by being taken to underground. To us, this is the most appropriate approach for Troy, Illion, Troia, Wilusa.
Without changing the exhibition concept too much, we suggest the museum be double-curl. After 500-meter of museum tour (2x2πr> 2 x 3,14159 x 40m), start and end points of the museum are positioned exactly on top of each other. The visitor stands in the middle of the start and end point and meets Homer after one round in the half way. Homer pulls the visitor apart from the reality and takes him/her to Troy mythology. Lockable cube rooms are transparent, if possible. Thus, areas such as material store and laboratory can become exhibition areas and the visitor can get an idea of the processes of archaeologists.
Chronological order states the transition of static system from the spiral. 24 of bearing elements split the museum into 24 hours of the day. By this way, hours, days, months and millenniums are included both structurally and symbolically in the character of museum. Visitors can perform mental time warps and break the flow of linear time in the place. Wherever the visitor stands, he/she can see the whole museum. The yard with olive trees can bring the visitor back to the present time at any moment. The open land surrounding the museum is not much different than the past. The yard is reflection of this.
What do we need other than the shades of trees, wide landscape from the fields to the sea and the light wind over hills.. The open land here invites the visitors to enjoy their time and explore. Archaeological excavation sites form the intersections of the walking routes. In addition to these, there are new areas where children can play games about archaeology. Clay, stone, wooden and earth cubes of excavation areas show the visitor the way to the historical sites.
“The wind brought wealth to Troy.” This quote is the origin of the energy approach in the museum. If the wind shaped the culture permanently in the past, it would be logical to benefit from it now. It is ecologically proper to transform the wind power into electric energy by utilizing a nearby hill for three wind turbines. But the point is to make this dynamic visible from the museum. Following the principle of“Form follows energy”, we use an innovative source of energy which points the future in a conscious way in the place of the oldest civilizations of Anatolia.
For heating and cooling, the museum will benefit from the geothermal energy of Western Anatolia. The museum will have the setup for public electricity in case of an emergency situation (too cold or hot climate, lack of wind).
The energy concept is designed to save energy in heating and cooling systems of the building, to minimize the pollution of environment and nature and to enable renewable energy resources. The energy drawn from the ground of the museum by drilling is transported to the geothermic plant.
With the wind tribunes placed close to the building, the electric energy required for the geothermic plant is generated and transferred to the system. Heating pump unites which provides cooling and heating consists of“2-store-system” which works with modular“freecooling” system, benefiting from the potential of underground energy as cooler.
In advancing stages, it is required to determine to potential under the ground with“Geothermal Response” method to figure out the exact amount of energy to be gained with this system. The system keeps both cold and hot water ready-to-use in two different hydraulic units. The energy required to activate building parts (walls and ceilings) and to ventilate the center of the building (heating and cooling) can be drawn from the hydraulic unit installation.
Rapid heating and cooling system consists of hydraulic hot and cold water pipe lines, called as“four-pipe system”. Room temperatures are controlled separately in each room. Heating and cooling of the building is generated by the geothermic plant. Natural ventilation system and the ventilation of offices is done partially through windows; fresh air is taken in with natural circulation. The whole area is heated by the convector system under the floor.